Several African-American families were among the earliest
homesteaders in Deep Fork Township. Some may have known each other before
coming to Oklahoma Territory, while others met here and then intermarried.
Our name for this cluster comes from the fact that most have family members on
the canvass of Spigener Cemetery.
There are other early homesteaders whose race I have not yet
been able to determine from census records, but so far the confirmed arrivals
ANDERSON, who filed his claim to the SW4
on Sept. 16, 1889. His homestead was
several miles southwest of the SPIGENERs, but I've included him because
there were other ANDERSONs among the SPIGENER group and ANDERSONs were
prominent in the nearby Douglas community.
Richard RICKETT/RICKETTS, who filed his claim to the NE4
on Oct. 10, 1889. At 59, he was well past the age
of the typical homesteader so I suspect there were younger relatives who
Henry SPIGENER, who filed his claim to the SW4
of 3-14-1W on Oct. 11, 1889. "Only 54", Henry still qualifies
as one of the older generation of homesteaders.
Henry J. SPIGENER, who filed his claim to the NW4 of
10-14-1W on Oct. 11, 1889. Henry J's claim adjoined both his fathers
and that of Richard RICKETT/RICKETTS. He later relinquished his claim
to his younger sister, Sarah, after which I have lost track of him.
Charles MORRIS, who filed his claim to the SW4
of 3-14-1W on Oct. 17, 1889.
Later arrivals included:
Jesse CROSLIN, who filed his claim to the SE4
on Nov. 24, 1891.
George W. JOHNSON, who filed his claim to the NE4
of 3-14-1W on Oct. 17, 1893
John TRAYLOR, who purchased his farm from the original
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